Lecturer in Sports Business & Sports Law

Richard has a background in Sports Science having attained a BSc (Hons) in Sports & Exercise Science from London South Bank University, an MRes in Advanced Instrumentation Systems from University College London and a PhD in Medical Engineering from Queen Mary University of London. Following a 10 year career in Sports Medicine at Bart’s & The Royal London School of Medicine & Dentistry, Richard was awarded an MSc in Management of Intellectual Property from Queen Mary University of London. He also undertook the IPReg foundation professional exams concomitant to the MSc for a separate award of PGCertIP in Intellectual Property Law. Subsequently, Richard then was awarded a Graduate Diploma in Law (with Distinction) from the University of Westminster.

Richard has previously taught at undergraduate and postgraduate level in biomechancis, biomedical engineering and musculoskeletal physiology and has extensive experience of instrumented gait analysis of clinical populations including children with Cerebral Palsy. He was also manager of the Human Performance Laboratory at Queen Mary University of London and oversaw all biomechanics related research work in the lab. With a career change in to law, his interests lie in commercial aspects of law, including contract law, intellectual property, EU, competition law and sports law.

Outside of academia Richard has been a competitive powerlifter, specialising in the bench press, for over 20 years, has won 12 British titles and has, to date, represented Great Britain internationally at 17 European and World Championships in the International Powerlifting Federation (IPF).


About Richard
Area of Expertise:

Civil Litigation

Contract Law

Intellectual Property Law


Biomedical Engineering

Musculoskeletal Physiology

Teaching/Research Interests:

Legal Systems & Principles

Introduction to Football Law

Regulating the Business of Sport

Industry Competencies (Mental Wealth)


The Honourable Society of Gray’s Inn

The Institution of Mechanical Engineers


BSc(Hons) Sport & Exercise Science, London South Bank University

MRes Advanced Instrumentation Systems, University College London

PhD Medical Engineering, Queen Mary University of London

MSc Management of Intellectual Property, Queen Mary University of London

PGCertIP Intellectual Property Law, Queen Mary University of London

GDL(CPE) Law, University of Westminster



  1. Łazowski A, Twycross-Lewis R. (2022). Winner takes all, the loser’s standing small: Impact of Brexit on UK athletes. European Law Review, Manuscript in preparation


  1. Twycross-Lewis R. (2020). Intellectual Property Issues Relating to Transfer of 3D Print Files. Gray’s Inn Student Law Journal, 12, 12 – 24.

Science and engineering:

  1. Lima G, Kolliari-Turner A, Wang G, Kosmac K, Wen Y, Ho P, Meehan L, Roeszler K, Seto J, Karanikolou A, Eichhorn G, Ospina-Betancourt J, Hamilton B, Kumi PYO, Shurlock J, Skiadis V, Twycross-Lewis R, Kilduff L, Guppy FM, North K, Pitsiladis Y, Pigozzi F, Borrione P. (2021). The MMAAS Project: An observational human study investigating the effect of Anabolic Androgenic Steroid use on gene expression and the molecular mechanism of Muscle Memory. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, Manuscript submitted for publication.


  1. Hamilton B‎, Lima G, Barrett J, Seal L, Kolliari-Turner A, Wang G, Karanikolou A, Tucker R, Bigard X, Löllgen H, Zupet P, Ionescu A, Debruyne A, Jones N, Vonbank K, Fagnani F, Fossati C, Casasco M, Constantinou D, Wohlfarth B, Niederseer D, Bosch A, Muniz-Pardos B, Casajus JA, Schneider C,  Loland S, Verroken M, Marqueta PM, Arroyo F, Pedrinelli A, Natsis K, Verhagen E, Roberts WO, Lazzoli JK, Friedman R, Erdogan A, Cintron AV, Yung SHP, Janse van Rensburg DC, Ramagole DA, Rozenstoka S, Drummond F, Papadopoulou T, Kumi PYO,  Twycross-Lewis R, Harper J, Skiadas V, Shurlock J, Tanisawa K, Seto J, North K, Angadi SS, Martinez-Patiño MJ, Borjesson M, Luigi LD, Dohi M, Wolfarth B, Swart J, Bilzon JLJ, Badtieva V, Zelenkova I, Steinacker JM, Bachl N, Pigozzi F, Geistlinger M, Goulis DG, Guppy F, Webborn N, Yildiz BO, Miller M, Singlenton P, Pitsiladis   (2021). Integrating athletes with disorders of sex development (DSD) and transgender athletes into elite competition: the FIMS 2020 consensus statement. Sports Medicine. 51, 1401 – 1415


  1. Hamilton B, Martinez-Patiño, MJ, Barret J, Seal L, Tucker R, Papadopoulou T, Bigard X, Kolliari-Turner A, Lölligen H, Zupet, P, Ionescu A, Debruyne A, Jones N, Steinacker JM, Vonbank K, Lima G, Fagnani F, Fossati C, Di Luigi L, Pigozzi F, Casasco M, Geistlinger M, Wohfarth B, Seto JT, Bachl N, Twycross-Lewis R, Niederseer D, Bosch A, Swart J, Constantinou D, Muniz-Pardos B, Casajus JA, Badtieva V, Zelenkova I, Bilzon JLJ, Dolu M, Schneider C, Loland S, Verroken M, Marquata PM, Arroyo F, Pedrinelli A, Natsis K, Verhagen E, Roberts WO, Lazzoli JK, Friedman R, Erdogan A, Cintron AV, Yung S-HP, Janse van Rensburg DC, Ramagole DA, Rozenstoka S, Drummond F, Webborn N, Guppy F, Pitsiladis YP (2021). Response to the United Nations Human Rights Council’s report on race and gender discrimination in sport: An expression of concern, and a call to prioritise research. Sports Medicine, 51, 839 – 842.


  1. Kumpai T, Wang G, Seto J, Verdouka I, Karanikolou A, Twycross-Lewis R, Tanaka M, Börjesson M, Di Luigi L, Dohi M, Wolfarth B, Swart J, Bilzon JLJ, Badtieva V, Papadopoulou T, Geistlinger M, Bachl N, Pigozzi F, Pitsiladis YP. (2020). Sport and Exercise Genomics: the FIMS 2019 Consensus Statement update. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 54, 967 - 975


  1. Ferrer A, Twycross Lewis R, Maffulli N. (2019). Anterior cruciate ligament injury: rotational instability in the transverse plane. A preliminary laboratory in vivo study. 9, 55 – 61.


  1. Zielinski MC, Twycross Lewis R, Woledge R, Maffulli N. (2019). Gait disturbances in football, rugby players and skiers following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction 9, 62 – 69.


  1. Hinds N., Angioi M., Birn-Jeffery A., Twycross-Lewis R. (2019). A systematic review of shoulder injury prevalence, proportion, rate, type, onset, severity, mechanism and risk factors in female artistic gymnasts. Physical Therapy in Sport. 35, 106 – 115.
  2. Leggett T, Williams J, Daly C, Kipps C, Twycross-Lewis R. (2018). Intended Hydration Strategies and Knowledge of Exercise-associated Hyponatraemia in Marathon Runners - A Questionnaire Based Study. Journal of Athletic Training. 53, 696 – 702.
  3. Zhang B, Twycross-Lewis R, Groβmann H, Morrissey D. (2017). Testing gait with ankle-foot orthoses in children with cerebral palsy by using functional mixed-effects analysis of variance. Scientific Reports, 7,
  4. Twycross-Lewis R, Kilduff L, Wang G, Pitsiladis YP. (2016). The effects of creatine supplementation on thermoregulation and physical (cognitive) performance: A review and future prospects. Amino Acids, 48, 1843 – 1855.


  1. Daly C, McCarthy Perrson U, Twycross-Lewis R, Woledge R, Morrissey D. (2016). The biomechanics of running in athletes with previous hamstring injury: a case-control study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sport, 26, 413 – 420.


  1. Chawla A, Twycross-Lewis R, Maffulli N. (2015). Microfracture produces inferior outcomes compared to other cartilage repair techniques in chondral injuries in the paediatric knee. British Medical Bulletin, 116, 93 – 103.


  1. Haratian R, Twycross-Lewis R, Timotijevic T, Phillips C. (2014). Towards Flexibility in Sensor Placement for Motion Tracking Systems: A Signal Processing Approach. IEEE Sensor Journal, 14, 701-709.


  1. Lack S, Barton C, Malliaras P, Twycross-Lewis R, Woledge R, Morrissey D. (2014). The effect of anti-pronation foot orthoses on hip and knee kinematics and muscle activity during a functional step-up task in healthy individuals: A laboratory study. Clinical Biomechanics, 29, 177-182.


  1. Barton C, Kennedy A, Twycross-Lewis R, Woledge R, Morrissey D. (2014). Gluteal muscle activity during the isometric phase of squatting movements with and without a Swiss ball. Physical Therapy in Sport, 15, 39-46.
  2. Hoonjan B, Dulai R, Ahmed Z, Lucey A, Twycross-Lewis R, Morrissey D, Greenwald S. (2013). Comparing the effect of moderate intensity exercise on arterial stiffness in resistance trained athletes, endurance trained athletes and sedentary controls: A cross-sectional observational study. Artery Research. 7, 216 – 221.


  1. Dhamu H, Malliaras P, Twycross-Lewis R, Maffulli N. (2012). A systematic review of resting left ventricular systolic and diastolic function and adaptation in elite weightlifters. British Medical Bulletin. 104, 129-141.
  2. Dulai R, Perry M, Twycross-Lewis R, Morrissey D, Greenwald S. (2012). The effect of Tumour Necrosis Factor-α Antagonists on arterial stiffness in Rheumatoid Arthritis: A literature review. Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism. 42, 1-8.
  3. Morrissey D, Graham J, Screen H, Sinha A, Small C, Twycross-Lewis R, Woledge R. (2012). Coronal plane hip muscle activation in football code athletes with chronic adductor groin strain injury during the active straight leg raise test. Manual Therapy, 17, 145-149.
  4. Sinha A, Twycross-Lewis R, Small C, Morrissey D, Maffulli N. (2011). Motion analysis as an outcome measure for hip arthroplasty: a systematic review. The Surgeon, 9, 284-291.


  1. Morrissey D, Roskilly A, Twycross-Lewis R, Isinkaye T, Screen HRC, Woledge RC, Bader D, (2011). The effect of concentric and eccentric calf muscle training on Achilles tendon stiffness: a randomized trial. Clinical Rehabilitation, 25, 238-247.
  2. Divani K, Chan O, Padhiar N, Twycross-Lewis R, Maffulli N, Crisp T, Morrissey D. (2010). Site of maximum neovascularisation correlates with the site of pain in recalcitrant non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy. Manual Therapy, 15, 463-468.
  3. Humphrey J, Chan O, Crisp T, Padhiar N, Morrissey D, Twycross-Lewis R, King J, Maffulli N. (2010). The short term effect of high volume image guided injections in resistant non-insertional Achilles Tendinopathy. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13, 295-298.
  4. Murray E, Birley E, Twycross-Lewis R, Morrissey D. (2009). The relationship between hip rotation range of movement and low back pain prevalence in amateur golfers: an observational study. Physical Therapy in Sport, 10, 131-135.
  5. Kilduff L, Vidakovic P, Cooney G, Twycross-Lewis R, Amuna P, Parker M, Paul L, Pitsiladis YP. (2002). Effect of oral creatine on isometric bench-press performance in resistance-trained humans. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 34, 1176-1183.
Expertise in industry:

Collaborating researcher with Andiamo.io, 2017 - 2019